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【译林牛津版】英语选修六:Unit2+Unit4语法练习(含答案)

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发表于 2018-9-19 09:12:32 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
文档属性
  • 教材:牛津版 » 牛津译林版 类型:试题试卷 » 同步测试
  • 年级:高一 地区:全国 年份:2018
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文档简介
The simple past tense 一般过去时
The past continuous tense 过去进行时
The past perfect tense 过去完成时
文档信息
江苏省常州市西夏墅中学高中英语 Unit2 What is happiness to you语法 牛津译林版选修6
The simple past tense        一般过去时
The past continuous tense        过去进行时
The past perfect tense        过去完成时

The simple past tense
1. 在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。时间状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1980 等。
2. 表示在过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。
Eg. 1) When I was a child, I often played football in the street.
     当我还是个孩子的时候,我经常在街上踢足球。
2) He always went to work by bus.
他过去常常坐公交去上班。
3. 用过去时表示现在,表示语气委婉礼貌。
(1) 动词want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等。
Eg. 1) Did you want anything else?
     你还需要什么吗?
   2) I wondered if you could help me.
     我想知道你是否可以帮助我。
(2) 情态动词 could, would,
Eg. 1) Could you lend me your bike?
     可以把你的自行车借给我吗?
4. 用在条件句中表示与现在或将来事实不符的虚拟语气。
Eg. 1) If I were a bird, I would fly to Beijing.  
如果我是一只小鸟,我愿意飞去北京。
   2) If he were here now, we could turn to him for help.
     如果你刚才在这里,我们可以向他求救。
注意下列句型:
◎ It is time sb. did sth. “时间已迟了;早该……了”,
Eg. It is time you went to bed. 你该睡觉了。
◎ would (had) rather sb. did sth. “宁愿某人做某事”
Eg.  I'd rather you came tomorrow.  我宁愿你明天来。

The past continuous tense
1. 过去进行时表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间正在进行的动作。常与at that time , the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening等连用。
Eg. 1) What was he doing this time yesterday?  他昨天这个时候在干什么?
   2) In 2001, she was studying in a university. 2001年,她在大学学习。
2. 过去进行时的主要用法是描述一件事发生的背景;一个长动作发生的时候,另一个短动作发生。
1) My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt himself.
  我弟弟在骑车的时候跌倒受伤了。
2) It was raining when they left the station.
    当他们离开车站的时候正在下雨。

The past perfect tense
1. 过去完成时表示过去某一时刻或者某一动作之前完成的动作或状态;句中常用by, before, until, when等词引导的时间状语。
   1) By the end of last year we had built five new houses.
     到去年底,我们一家盖好了5栋新房子。
   2) I had learnt 5000 words before I entered the university.
     在我上大学前,我已经学习了5000个单词。
2)过去完成时的动词还可以表示过去某一时刻之前发生的动作或者状态持续到过去某个时间或者持续下去。
Eg. 1) Before he slept, he had worked for 12 hours. 
     他连续工作了12个小时才睡觉。
   2) He had been in this college for five years before I came here.
     在我来这之前,他已经在这个学校待了5年。
3)在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。
Eg.  She said (that) she had never been to Paris.
     她曾说她从没去过巴黎。
4)在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。
Eg.  When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.
     当警察到的时候,小偷已经跑掉了。
5)表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用过去完成时表示“原本……,未能……”
Eg.  We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't.
     我们曾希望你可以来,但是你没有。
6)过去完成时的时间状语before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon as。
Eg.  By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living by himself.
    当爱迪生12岁的时候,他开始靠自己生活。

Practice 1
一、用动词的适当形式填空。
1. —I have seen the film “Titanic” already.
 —When __________ you __________ it?   (see)
 —The day before yesterday.
2. He told me that Mr Black __________ in  Beijing since five years ago.( live)
3. We ____________ trees last Sunday.
   So far we _________________ over 3,000 trees there. (plant)
4. — Did you see a man in black pass by just now?
  — No, sir. I _____________ a newspaper.   (read)

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